The specific thermal capacities by weight $(c$ in $J\;kg^{-1} \; K^{-1})$ of a given matter is the amount of heat received by $1\;kg$ to rise its temperature by an amount of $1\;K$ (or $1^oC)$

It follows that:

$Q$=$c \cdot m\cdot \Delta \theta $

with: $Q$ = received heat (in J); $m$ = mass (in kg); $\Delta \theta$ = temperature increase (in K or ^{o}C)

Matter | c $(Jkg^{-1} K^{-1})$ |

aluminium | 890 |

silver | 230 |

wood | 2400 |

carbon | 1010 |

sodium chloride | 880 |

cement | 830 |

ice | 2100 |

stannum | 220 |

iron | 470 |

copper | 400 |

fiberglass | 835 |

concrete aggregates | 830 |

gold | 130 |

marble | 880 |

nickel | 443 |

expansed polystyrene | 1380 |

lead | 130 |

sulfur | 750 |

ordinary glass | 800 |

zinc | 390 |

benzene | 1800 |

water | 4184 |

ethanol | 2500 |

ether | 1400 |

mercury | 140 |

petrol | 2100 |